James Naismith is a well known personality in the filed of sports. He is a Canadian-American athlete and educator. He was born on November 6, 1861, Almonte, Ontario, Canada.
Today, on January 15, we celebrate James Naismith for inventing the game of basketball in 1891. In the following year on this day, Naismith announced the new game and its original rules in the pages of “The Triangle,” a Springfield College school newspaper. Started in a school gymnasium, today this sport is played in over 200 countries. The source by which he invented basketball was through a task given to him. In this task, he had to develop an indoor game that could occupy students during the chilling New England winters. So Naismith collected, two peach baskets and a soccer ball. He made just ten rules and the game of “basket ball” was born. Thanks to the task.
Basketball was later included in Naismith’s class on December 21, 1891. Initially it had teams of nine players. The sport boomed in popularity over the following years. In the year 1936, basketball made its Olympic debut in Berlin, Germany. James Naismith, the founder threw the ball for the tip-off to commence the first game. He helped in the formation of National Association of Intercollegiate Basketball in the year 1937. This later became and got recognized as the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA)
In addition to inventing the basket ball game, James Naismith also invented protective helmet for football players. He played center and was repeatedly mauled by opponents to tackle his team. He even got kicked in the head once. He was stunned and lost his memory at that moment. He realised the instant trauma that can be very dangerous. He sew pieces of flannel to protect his ears. It was far from a protective layer so he tore apart a rugby football to make a more protective headpiece. This way the football helmet was invented.
James Naismith after contributing so much to the world of sports, died on November 28, 1939 (aged 78) due to a severe and fatal brain hemorrhage. His incredible work of inventing the famous game basket ball “Basketball — its Origins and Development” was published posthumously in 1941.